Most advice about building internal support for organizational change reiterates perfunctory platitudes, reminding leaders to communicate reasons for the change, or even to be excited about the change themselves. But in working with hundreds of companies going through organization change I’ve learned that this approach is simply not enough. In fact, research shows, that this narrow approach often results in a wave of employee cynicism, doubt, distrust, and negativity, which can relegate change efforts to a slow and painful death.
What too many leaders fail to realize is that, while a certain level of skepticism to change is natural, heading it off from the start is the only way to counter it. But how?
The most successful organizations I’ve worked with have done it by creating a culture of change acceptance, far before they intend to introduce any changes. They do this by addressing six components of culture: legitimacy, ownership, relevance, attainability, authenticity, and impartiality. Here’s how it works.
Legitimacy: Engage your organizational change influencers
When introducing change, organizations typically rely on their leadership teams, overlooking those individuals who may not hold a leadership title but are key influencers of company culture.
Whether they are middle managers, key sales personnel, or even the office receptionist, these people can make-or-break your plan. Why? Because unlike traditional leadership roles, these informal influencers wield more power to shape organizational change acceptance, often through influence, intelligence, networking abilities, or simply the respect they hold within company ranks.
Folding in those influencers early into the change process will not only build confidence across the organization via trusted yet informal leaders, but also establish a foundation for change rooted in reliable voices.
Ownership: Provide everyone a table stake
I’ll say this directly: an open mic at a town hall meeting after you’ve decided what will be done does not amount to input. What’s more, your employees likely know that you’re not taking their suggestions seriously. Holding these meetings likely actually hurts your change initiative.
Research, however, shows when people have actual agency in shaping a change, they are significantly more likely to embrace it. Instead of unidirectional town halls, hold a series of small interactive discussions where departments can determine potential roadblocks and define how the change can come to life for their area of responsibility. This provides them a way to tailor and adapt execution to fit their own unique circumstances, conditions, and restraints.
Relevance: Focus on latent change
Organizations have two types of change: one they are championing today, and others on the perpetual back burner, too unwieldy, complex, or politicized to tackle. While it feels counterintuitive, incorporating this second group can be the easiest way to increase buy-in for the first.
If a current change effort can be tied to other changes which have been festering and never addressed, you’re in for a win. By coupling components of known needs to today’s change, it reframes the change as crucial and integral, rather than just extra work added to the pile. Further, it reinforces that leadership recognizes chronic front-line challenges, and doesn’t simply brush them under the rug.
Attainability: Create a series of micro-changes
The flip side of the above advice is to make sure your change is attainable. Often times, change can be viewed as insurmountable due to its perceived magnitude. For instance, an IT department may have a deeply complex and intertwined technological infrastructure, limiting their ability to see the change as anything but intrusive, upending, or even catastrophic.
A useful approach, in many cases, is to break change efforts into a series of micro-changes. Any segmentation approach which enables change to be more digestible, achievable, and manageable will help reduce resistance by making progress attainable in the short term, while establishing a sense of accomplishment for the long term.
Authenticity: Embody behaviors that support the change
Logos, posters, stickers, t-shirts, and other swag — it’s all fodder for supposedly building buy-in and excitement. But just like a dog whistle, people know what it signals and are prepared to lie in wait until the initial excitement passes and things return to status quo.
Instead of glossing change over with superficial gifts, represent through action what the change embodies. For example, if a change focus is towards “giving more back to our community,” translate it into direct behaviors, from paid volunteer hours to employee donation matching. By providing behavioral illustrations of what the change represents, it transforms from something stated to something acted upon.
Impartiality: Establish a neutral change facilitator
Finally, be prepared for conflict. When the role of change is solely led by the CEO or C-Suite leadership, individual concerns and questions get funneled to direct supervisors. Then, as conflicts between departments arise, teams jockey to have their opinion or perspective blessed over another, despite whether it’s beneficial to the larger change or not.
Bringing in a third party can help neutralize internal office politics, posturing, and infighting. Serving as part moderator, part engagement manager, and part counselor, they are there to keep decisions unbiased and eliminate favoritism. This can be a trusted consultant or veteran industry expert, but ideally someone from outside the organization.
What happens when employees buy in to change
Although change is never easy, how leaders approach it makes a significant difference to whether it’s embraced or rejected. By addressing the organizational buy-in context, it’s much easier to move past resistance and stagnation, because your path forward will be shaped by realities rather than banalities. Having employees buy in to change doesn’t simply make implementation easier, but rather forges an immutable and reciprocal relationship which pays infinite dividends. Without this, future endeavors will require re-engaging all over again, perpetuating the cycle of resistance. Remember, trust takes months to build and only seconds to break.
This content was originally published here.