Mapped: The 25 Poorest Countries in the World

By Matt Dallisson, 28/04/2021

Mapped: The 25 Poorest Countries in the World

Having looked at the richest countries in the world, which nations are at the bottom of the list in terms of GDP per capita, in nominal terms?

This map looks at the worldโ€™s 25 poorest countries by this metric.

Country  GDP per capita (USD)
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฎ Burundi $263.67
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ South Sudan $303.15
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผ Malawi $399.10
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Mozambique $455.01
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) $456.89
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ซ Central African Republic $480.50
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ Afghanistan $499.44
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Madagascar $514.85
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Sierra Leone $518.47
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช Niger $535.83
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ท Eritrea $585.16
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฉ Chad $639.85
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช Yemen $645.13
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ท Liberia $653.60
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌ Togo $690.28
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡น Haiti $732.07
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Sudan $734.60
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ The Gambia $746.33
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผ Guinea-Bissau $766.75
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ซ Burkina Faso $768.83
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผ Rwanda $823.40
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ Tajikistan $833.55
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Mali $899.22
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Uganda $915.35
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผ Zimbabwe $921.85

All but four of these countries are located on the African continent.

Additionally, all of the 25 poorest countries, with the exception of Zimbabwe and Tajikistan, are considered Least Developed Countries (LDCs) by the UN. LDCs are categorized by criteria based on per capita income, human assets (such as education level), and economic vulnerability. Today, more than 75% of the population in LDCs live below the poverty line.

For added perspective, the average GDP per capita of all developing economies and emerging markets globally is $5,172.

Emerging Markets

Developing countries, while having much smaller economies, have one thing that the richest countries donโ€™t have: immense room for economic growth.

Most of the poorest countriesโ€™ strongest industries are agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and so on, and the world is heavily reliant on the flow of raw materials and resources coming from developing nations.

Focusing on the African countries listed, the economic potential is significant. Africaโ€™s infrastructure is currently improving at a rapid rate, opening the door for foreign direct investment and increased capacity for industrialization. In large part, this progress is thanks to Chinaโ€™s Belt and Road initiative and investment in multiple African countries.

Another signal of Africaโ€™s potential is the extremely large share of young people on the continent. Hereโ€™s a look at the five countries in the world with the highest shares of their population aged younger than 15, all of which are in Africa:

In Niger, an astounding near half of the population is under the age of 15 years old. This could translate into a large future workforce, a growing domestic market, and potential for innovation and economic progress.

Overall, while today the poorest countries still have extremely low standards of living, the economic potential is there for future growth.

This content was originally published here.

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